What Are The Effects Of Trauma On The Brain?

Trauma has a profound and wide-reaching effect on the brain, impacting not only the individual who experiences the trauma, but also their loved ones and other survivors. Trauma can result in changes in the way the brain functions, leading to a wide variety of problems, both short-term and long-term. This article will explore some of the ways trauma can impact the brain, and how you can best help your loved ones who are struggling.
Don’t miss the next video; it sums it up nicely:

What happens to your brain when you are traumatized?


Damage to this area of the brain due to trauma can cause an inability to regulate emotions like fear and anger. This damage can also lead to a stress response being activated in the absence of any danger. The corpus collosum connects the left and right sides of the brain. For those who have suffered trauma, the area is often reduced.
The brain undergoes significant changes following exposure to trauma, including an increase in activity in the amygdala and decreased activity in the prefrontal cortex. These changes can lead to increased anxiety and fear, decreased ability to think rationally, and difficulty regulating emotions. Additionally, victims of trauma may have difficulty forming relationships and may have difficulty dealing with stress.

How does trauma affect the ventromedial prefrontal cortex?

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is a part of the brain that regulates emotions. Damage to this area of the brain due to trauma can cause an inability to regulate emotions like fear and anger.
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is a region of the brain that is responsible for regulating emotions, decision making, and behavior. Trauma can interfere with the function of this region and can lead to increased levels of stress and anxiety. This can lead to increased levels of stress and anxiety which can affect the ability to make decisions and regulate emotions.

How does trauma affect a child’s brain chemistry?

The trauma becomes part of their brain chemistry and affects how they live and experience the world. In fact, the National Child Traumatic Stress Network shares, “Early childhood trauma has been associated with reduced size of the brain cortex.
Trauma can affect a child’s brain chemistry in a number of ways. It can lead to changes in brain function, including problems with memory, thinking, and communication. It can also increase a child’s risk for developing chronic mental health problems, including PTSD and depression. In some cases, trauma can even cause permanent changes in the way a child’s brain functions.

How does PTSD affect the brain?

PTSD victims lose volume in the hippocampus due to elevated stress hormones. As a result they may have trouble telling the difference between the past and present leading them to avoid situations that remind them of their trauma.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that can occur after a traumatic event such as a car accident, sexual assault, or military service. PTSD can cause intense fear and anxiety, as well as physical and emotional flashbacks and nightmares. This can lead to problems with sleep, concentration, and memory. PTSD can also lead to problems with relationships and work. Treatment for PTSD includes therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), medication, and community support. It is important to seek help after a traumatic experience to prevent PTSD from developing.

More information about: What are the effects of trauma on the brain?

The Effects of Trauma on the Brain | Mental Health Blog

Trauma changes brain chemistry as well as structure, and these effects can start to impact normal functioning. Specifically, the effects of trauma on the brain seem to impact the amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex the most. Changes in the Amygdala from Trauma

source: https://www.banyanmentalhealth.com/2020/05/12/effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain/

How Does Trauma Affect the Brain?

It might seem like trauma does irreversible damage to your brain–that’s not true. Our brains are extremely adaptable. Neuroplasticity, the brain’s ability to form new connections, explains why we can rewire our brains to reverse trauma’s damaging effects.. Our brains are more susceptible to change than many people think, and even though overcoming trauma is a difficult process, you’re …

source: https://www.wholewellnesstherapy.com/post/trauma-and-the-brain

The Psychology of Trauma: What Are the Effects of Trauma on the Brain?

The Psychology of Trauma: What Are the Effects of Trauma on the Brain? Trauma can impact you in a multitude of ways. It can cause phobias, mood swings, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and difficulty concentrating. It may also distort your self-image, interrupt emotional functioning, and increase sensitivity to threat perception.

source: https://nancybeckertherapy.com/effects-of-trauma/

The Effects of Trauma on the Brain

what happens in the brain during a traumatic event: the threat or perceived threat is observed, the sympathetic nervous system is activated, the heart rate goes up, blood flow to muscles increases, blood pressure increases, pupils dilate (this is fight or flight), it’s not always possible or safe to fight or escape, that’s when a person will …

source: https://www.nickersoninstitute.com/blog/the-effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain

How Trauma Affects the Brain

In patients who have experienced trauma, this part of the brain can decrease in size and functionality. Blood flow to the left side of the prefrontal cortex can slow; this part of the brain helps to control language and memory. In post-traumatic stress, many have problems with word retrieval and experience “brain fog.”

source: https://www.harrishousestl.org/primer-trauma-affects-brain/

Effects of Trauma and Abuse on the Brain: Before and After Treatment

In a larger study, we confirmed that the brain scans of abused women show activation in the cingulate cortex that is greater than those without abuse history and this correlated with the degree of pain they experienced. In other words, the pain is real. It is not all in the patient’s head and it’s not a psychiatric condition.

source: https://theromefoundation.org/effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain/

Effects of Psychological Trauma on Brain

Trauma can lead to all kinds of mental health and behavioral issues including depression, anxiety and substance abuse. Many of the effects of trauma on the brain that influence a person’s behavior can be reversed and minimized through regular treatment. Childhood Trauma and the Developing Brain

source: https://vantagepointrecovery.com/psychological-trauma-affects-brain/

What Are the Cognitive Effects of Trauma on The Brain?

A Few of the Cognitive Effects of Trauma on the Brain Basic Functioning To add to the list at the top, you may struggle with Language development Handling new information Staying oriented in terms of space and time Learning Memory Issues Also, you may have difficulty recalling the specifics of the traumatic event.

source: https://michaelgquirke.com/what-are-the-cognitive-effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain/

The Effect of Childhood Trauma on the Brain

Trauma damages this part of the brain to make it so that individuals do not have the same control over the functions as they should. This means that a person who has experienced trauma might be subjected to making bad decisions and have poorer critical thinking abilities. Affected Brain’s Impact on Children

source: https://www.innocentlivesfoundation.org/the-effect-of-childhood-trauma-on-the-brain/

The Effects Of Trauma On The Brain And Body | Functioning Tired

Damage to this area of the brain due to trauma can cause an inability to regulate emotions like fear and anger. This damage can also lead to a stress response being activated in the absence of any danger. The corpus collosum connects the left and right sides of the brain. For those who have suffered trauma, the area is often reduced.

source: https://functioningtired.com/effects-of-trauma-on-your-brain-and-body/

Understanding the Impact of Trauma

Delayed responses to trauma can include persistent fatigue, sleep disorders, nightmares, fear of recurrence, anxiety focused on flashbacks, depression, and avoidance of emotions, sensations, or activities that are associated with the trauma, even remotely. Exhibit 1.3-1 outlines some common reactions. Exhibit 1.3-1

source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK207191/

How Trauma Changes The Brain, According To Experts

Trauma Makes The Amygdala Super-Active. “The amygdala is the part of the brain that controls emotions — in particular, fear and anger,” Dr. Hafeez says. “A person who has experienced …

source: https://www.bustle.com/wellness/how-trauma-changes-brain-experts

Trauma and the Brain: An Introduction for professionals working with …

What’s often missing is a basic understanding of how trauma impacts the brain and how such function, in turn, affects behavior. Knowledge of the traumatized brain can drastically improve how we engage our young people in order to practice a trauma-informed approach. An Introduction to Trauma and the Brain. First, a quick primer on the brain.

source: https://centerforadolescentstudies.com/trauma-and-brain/

3 Negative Effects of Trauma on the Brain

The effects of trauma on the brain impact three areas of the brain the most: the amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex. These areas play a part in regulating emotions and responding to fear. After traumatic events, these areas may perform and function differently than before. The Amygdala

source: https://www.bayviewrecovery.com/rehab-blog/3-negative-effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain/

The Effects of Complex Trauma on Brain Development

Proven structural changes include enlargement of the amygdala, the alarm center of the brain, and shrinkage of the hippocampus, a brain area critical to remembering the story of what happened during a traumatic experience. Functional changes alter activity of certain brain regions.

source: https://www.complextrauma.org/complex-trauma/the-effects-of-complex-trauma-on-brain-development/

The Physical Effects of Trauma on the Brain

Trauma and its impact on brain health can have a knock-on effect. As this blog will explore later, trauma can lead to a reduction in volume and functional health of an area of the brain responsible for memory and learning, known as the hippocampus. When the hippocampus is damaged, we are less able to discern between past and present experiences.

source: https://addcounsel.com/the-physical-effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain/

Effects of Trauma on the Brain and Body

In sum, the short term effects of trauma on the brain and body are as follows: The frontal lobe perceives a threat and sends that information to the limbic system which processes the information further and notifies the appropriate parties to release hormones that assist us in a fight, flight, or freeze response.

source: https://www.doorsofhopekc.com/effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain-and-body/

The effect of trauma on the brain development of children

Trauma and adversity is commonly described as leading to a hyper-arousal of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) that results in changes in brain development.

source: https://aifs.gov.au/resources/practice-guides/effect-trauma-brain-development-children

Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury can also cause poor coordination, weakness of one side of the body and difficulty in walking. The patient’s perception of where his or her body parts are is disrupted. The brain loses its ability to identify where the limbs are. A decrease in sexual drive may also be experienced. The inability to orgasm can happen.

source: https://www.braininjuryinstitute.org/effects-traumatic-brain-injury/

PubMed Central (PMC)

PubMed Central (PMC)

source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3181836/


Trauma affects the way cells in the brain process, interpret and react to information. It not only impacts the physical process of thinking, but thought, which drives behavior. Understanding trauma’s effect on the brain will help you understand, and address, your child’s emotions and behaviors.

source: https://laurenskids.org/effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain/

How Does Trauma Affect the Brain? | HealthyPlace

The fact is, trauma affects the brain and some of us who suffer trauma and develop PTSD do so because our brains process trauma differently than others. When we experience trauma, our bodies and our brains change. The brain records every sensory detail about the event, and those memories can be reactivated repeatedly.

source: https://www.healthyplace.com/blogs/traumaptsdblog/2016/07/how-does-trauma-affect-the-brain

The effects of trauma on brain and body: A unifying role for the …

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a diagnosis that may follow the experience of trauma, has multiple symptomatic phenotypes. Generally, individuals with PTSD display symptoms of hyperarousal and of hyperemotionality in the presence of fearful stimuli. A subset of individuals with PTSD; however, …

source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31254294/

How Does PTSD Affect the Brain? The Physical Effects of Trauma

Here are some of the lasting impacts of trauma on the brain and how it leads to PTSD symptoms: Amygdala This 1-inch, almond-shaped area of the brain is considered the “fire alarm.”

source: https://psychcentral.com/ptsd/the-science-behind-ptsd-symptoms-how-trauma-changes-the-brain

The effects of trauma on the brain

After something traumatic happens, this part of the brain is under-activated. This may leave someone who has experienced trauma feeling irritable, numb, with less control over anger, struggling to concentrate or pay attention, and making more impulsive decisions. It is important to remember that the effects of trauma on the brain are not permanent.

source: https://www.sace.ca/learn/effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain/

Wired for Danger: The Effects of Childhood Trauma on the Brain

Childhood trauma physically damages the brain by triggering toxic stress. Strong, frequent, and prolonged, toxic stress rewires several parts of the brain, altering their activity and influence over emotions and the body. This video is from the 2020 Brain Awareness Video Contest. Created by Jasmine Purnomo Content Provided By BrainFacts/SfN

source: https://www.brainfacts.org/thinking-sensing-and-behaving/childhood-and-adolescence/2020/wired-for-danger-the-effects-of-childhood-trauma-on-the-brain-101920

What Are The Effects Of Trauma On The Brain?

Supporting survivors to feel safe and develop the capacity to regulate their self is a particularly important part of trauma recovery work. When a child has to focus on psychological and physical survival the brain is less able to spend time and energy on other crucial developmental tasks. In neuroscientific terms the child stays mostly within …

source: https://blueknot.org.au/newsletters/what-are-the-effects-of-trauma-on-the-brain/